Saturn in Astrology

"Jai Shani Dev"

नीलांजन समाभासं
रविपुत्रं यमाग्रजम्‌
छायामार्तण्ड सम्भूतं तं 
नमामि शनैश्चरम्‌ ||

Glowing like a Blue Color Mountain,
Son of Lord Sun and Brother of Yama,
Son born to mother Chaya and Martand (Sun),
I bow down to you, Slow moving - Lord Shani Dev

Saturn (Shani Dev) - The only planet with title of 'Lord (Dev)', signifies discipline, delays, disputes, difficulties, obstructions, and represents servants or the working class. 

Saturn is cruel, malign and extremely malefic, but unlike Mars, the lord does not believe in the quick-kill, rather he teaches one a lot of patience through what the chinese call 'Ling Chi' or slow slicing - the death by thousand cuts.

"Lord Saturn is tall, black, long-limbed, and emaciated, with reddish brown eyes, medium teeth and nails, prominent veins, a sunken stomach, a long beard, matted locks, and profuse coarse, stiff body hair. He is lame and his limbs are rigid; his constitution is vata. Intensely harsh, he is cruel in authority, and his gaze, which is directed downwards, is utterly terrifying. He is also known as the Slow, Son of Shadow, the Angular, the Black, the Endless, the End-Causer, the All-Devouring, the steady, the Controller, the Famished and the Emaciated." - The Greatness of Saturn by Robert E. Svoboda

Saturn represents the backward class and the slums fall under his arena. The politicians coming from backward class or the outcast have strong blessings of Lord Saturn. Saturn can make you the king if he decides to bless you or a pauper if you make him unhappy.

Saturn is the planet of Justice and integrity, thereby is the karmic planet. Saturn in fact resonate with word 'Karma', as no one can escape karma or his justice.

Saturn is considered benefic in his mool trikona sign Aquarius, the sign of intelligence; he is also in considerably happy mood in his other sign Capricorn. In the sign of his dearest friend Venus, Libra, he exalts; he debilitates in Aries - sign of his deadly enemy Mars.
Saturn Return - Saturn returns to its natal position in your chart every thirty years, known as Saturn return. In case he finds you patting your own back for your accomplishments, he may decide to look at you. His one gaze is enough to dissolve you entire establishment. The best part is that it never happens in a moment, its a long and slow process, as you witness your titanic sinking gradually, the one you build with your own hands.

Sade Sati is 7 1/2 year period when Saturn transits over the house your Moon is placed and adjacent houses to it; Ashtama Shani - when Saturn is 8th from the moon, and Ardhashtama Shani - when Saturn is 4th from the moon. Some astrologers consider Ashtama both from Lagna and the Moon, and few others even consider Sadde Satti both from Lagna and Moon. Terrifying, isn't it !

Bring it all together - Saturn position in your chart, his aspects, return, Sade Sati, Ashtama-Shani and Ardhashtama-Shani; Do you think that there's a moment in life when you can escape the influence of lord Saturn ?

Saturn functions on theory of Karma - 'What you sow, so shall you reap'.

Saturn blesses those who are down to earth and NOT boastful or egotistic; who are humble, respectful, modest and show gratitude and reverence.

Why do you think Mr. Amitabh Bachchan has gone so humble and polite in last few years ? He was considered one of the most cocky and arrogant actor in the 80s. 

Saturn is especially generous to the spiritual beings, for they have nothing to lose. They are already detached from the material world so how can you deprive someone of something he refuses to own.

Enough ? or wish to read more on his blessings. Here's an article about of what others think, when Saturn is in First House.